Do betta fish or fighting fish need vitamins in their diet?

In this blog we will discuss vitamins for bettas.This blog will give you the information related to food which contains vitamins in their composition and are essential for bettas health.


In this blog

  • Do betta fish or fighting fish need vitamins in their diet?
  • Why are vitamins good for betta fish?
  • Betta fish diet
  • Why is vitamin C good for bettas?
  • Does Omega one betta food contain vitamins?
  • Do tropical flakes contain vitamins?
  • Do brine shrimps contain vitamins?
  • Is there any multivitamin for bettas available online?
  • Can bettas eat salmon?
  • What is gut loading in bettas?
  • Summary 
  • Frequently asked questions
  • Reference 

Do betta fish or fighting fish need vitamins in their diet?

Vitamins are organic molecules that are essential micronutrients that an organism needs in small amounts for its metabolism to function properly.

Vitamins strengthen bones,heal wounds and strengthen the immune system.Vitamins  also convert food into energy and repair damaged cells.

Vitamins for betta fish:

  • Vitamin C
  • Omega one betta food
  • Tropical flakes
  • FD brine shrimp
  • Multivitamins available online

Why are vitamins good for betta fish?

  • Betta is a carnivore and requires a diet rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. 
  • Vitamin supplements, along with a variety of diets, are an ideal way to bridge nutritional gaps. 
  • Essential for normal growth and development, and proper formation of bones and scales.

Betta fish diet

Bettas are carnivores and prefer to eat lots of proteins in their diet.They need a balanced diet to maintain their health and finnage color too.

It is important to feed them food that contains not just proteins but vitamins, minerals and other fatty acids too.Right diet is essential to bettas health and longevity.

Live food is usually composed of aquatic insects such as bloodworms, brine shrimp and daphnia pulex. Live food is one of the best options for betta, as it is similar to what it eats in the wild.

All living beings need proper and balanced nutrition to thrive, and bettas are no exception.So betta keepers need to be aware of their basic nutritional needs to keep them in top condition.

  • Mysis/Opossum shrimp for betta fish.
  • Bloodworms for betta fish.
  • Tubifex worms for betta fish.
  • Fairy shrimp for betta fish.
  • Mealworms for betta fish.
  • Daphnia for betta fish
  • Mosquito larvae for betta fish.
  • Artemia salina/Brine shrimp for betta fish.
  • A few spinach leaves.
  • A little fresh garlic,it’s stinky, but fish love the smell.
  • Gelatin or agar agar.

Why is vitamin C good for bettas?

Aquarium enthusiasts use vitamin C in the water to support fish health.They use amounts of up to 50 milligrams of vitamin C per liter to treat wounds in aquarium and farmed fish.

Vitamin C effectively neutralizes chlorine and is safer to use than sulfur-based dechlorination chemicals.

Vitamin C is one of the most powerful antioxidant defense systems in fish. It works against reactive oxygen species inside and outside cells. 

Vitamin C does not work alone,​​it works with other antioxidants to strengthen the body’s antioxidant defense system.

Does Omega one betta food contain vitamins?

Color-enhancing nutrition:These delicious wild salmon betta pellets are rich in important omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.The natural beta-carotene in salmon provides extreme color enhancement

Keep your tank cleaner:These betta pellets are naturally insoluble, which means less water pollution, and significantly less starch, which reduces fish waste 

Feeding frequency: Feed 1-3 times daily using only the amount of food that the fish can consume in 2 minutes.

Composition: 42% minimum crude protein / 8% minimum crude fat / Maximum crude fiber 2% / Maximum moisture 8.5% / Maximum ash 8%.

Do tropical flakes contain vitamins?

Betta fish are mostly tropical fish and it is a wise choice to give them tropical fish flakes.

Tropical fish flakes are rich in protein and also contain vitamins, which helps build a bettas body and manage their immune system.

Tropical flakes feeding frequency

Adult bettas can be fed once a day, and baby bettas can be fed twice a day.Although it may seem inadequate,many pellets swell to more than double the size when wet.

Do brine shrimps contain vitamins?

Brine shrimp is one of the most common live food for aquarium fish. These creatures can feed aquarium fish at any stage of their lives and are a great source of protein.

Not just proteins,these creatures are a great source of vitamin A and vitamin D too.


Freeze-dried artemia salina-A freeze-dried adult brine shrimp (artemia salina) mass-shaped natural food for omnivores and carnivorous fish.

Brine shrimp is eaten very enthusiastically by fish. They are a source of easily assimilated proteins, vitamins,chitin,and natural carotenoids.

Brine shrimp feeding frequency:

It is not advised to feed the betta with brine shrimp every day, but it is better to add it as a supplement to the betta’s diet. 

If you feed Artemia betta too often, they may lose some of the nutrients they need for normal development.

Is there any multivitamin for bettas available online?

A multivitamin designed or formulated for all ornamental fish, including marine and freshwater called as Fish V, which contains Vitamin A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D3, E, K3 and biotin, alanine, choline, cysteine, glutamine, leucine, lysine, serine and tyrosine.

Taiyo pluss discovery multi vitamins for betta fishes M02 (100 ml) pet health supplements (100 ml).

Betta fish, also known as the Siamese fighting fish, are extremely territorial in nature and require a carefully indicated diet and mineral intervention.

Due to a delicate swim bladder they possess, an appropriate amount of mineral blend is very essential to manage.

Advantages of taiyo plus for bettas:

  • Enriched with Vitamin C and Vitamin E, it boosts resistance to stress and improves immunity to infectious diseases.
  • Promotes growth 
  • Enhances color 
  • Complete nutrition 
  • Non fouling of water

How to Use:

  • 1 ml is sufficient for 1 ltr of water. 
  • Repeat every week with 1 ml for a healthy fish.

Ultima betta food

  • It is complete and balanced in addition to being fortified with spirulina to color enhance your fish. 
  • Rich in vitamin C and vitamin E promotes resistance to stress and improves immunity to infectious disease.
  • Enhance the body shape,containing natural ingredients which outstandingly increase appetite.
  • The formulation is designed to provide the proper nutrition required for healthy growth, body shape, coloration and sexual maturity.

Optimum betta feed

It is a special nutritional formulation for all Betta fish. It is complete and balanced, in addition to being fortified with Spirulina to enhance the color of your fish.

Rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin E, promotes resistance to stress and improves immunity to infectious disease. 

Spirulina contains high levels of natural pigments including chlorophyll,carotenoids,phycocyanin which enhances fish coloration, additionally,carotenoids are potent antioxidants that help to strengthen the immune system.

RichBay’s betta fish food

  • Variant diet collection for complete nutrition.Ultimate collection of betta foods which contains different ingredients.
  • Betta diet set contains one quantity each of royal 
  • Feed contains essential vitamins and minerals for immunity.
  • High protein content foods for fast growth.

Is it important to quarantine live food before feeding bettas?

Quarantining live food in a separate tank is very important before feeding your bettas.The live food may be containing lots of infections due to stress, during transportation and handling.

The live animals also go through lots of stress during such a process,so it is very important to keep them separately for at least two weeks in a different tank to avoid the infections,if at all they are carrying in them.

Keep monitoring live food everyday,and if they are carrying infection,they might end up spreading those infections to everyone in their vicinity.It is very important to keep live food without stress and infections.

Can bettas eat salmon?

Salmon is a very good source of vitamins for bettas and other aquarium fish as well.All types of salmon contain heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids.

This fish is also a good source of vitamin D and calcium.Most betta keepers feed their fish salmon and as per them,their bettas enjoy eating salmon.

It is fed as dry pellets and contains about 70% vegetable ingredients and 30% marine ingredients such as fishmeal and fish oil.

What is gut loading in bettas?

Because betta is a carnivore fish,some of the vitamins in their diet come from the food that the prey eats and you can take bettas supplement vitamins through a process called gut loading.

In the gut loading process a betta dietary supplement is given to insects before it is given to the betta fish.


Wild betta can get all the vitamins it needs from the foods it eats in nature, but in captivity,you need to give the nutrients the same as they eat in the wild by choosing their food carefully.

Fish, like any animal, need vitamins to stay healthy.An inappropriate or incomplete diet can lead to nutrient and vitamin deficiencies and the onset of serious illnesses, such as stunted or inappropriate growth, weakened immune systems, or death.

Proteins, fats, fiber, phosphorus, carbohydrates,calcium and vitamins (A, D3, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6. , B12, C, H) provide the greatest nutritional value.

Make sure your betta food is natural and contains protein as the first ingredient.

Never overfeed your bettas,they might get lots of disease due to overfeeding and it can even alter the water chemistry,which is not good for bettas health.

If there is more ammonia in bettas water,they might attract lots of infections and will die off if left unattended.Anything in moderation is fine,overfeeding is injurious to not just bettas,but other species too.

Frequently asked questions

Is it possible for a betta fish to absorb vitamins from water?

Not only bettas,all fish are unique among vertebrates in their ability to absorb vitamins and minerals not only from their diets but also from water through their gills and skin.

What are the essential vitamins needed by betta fish?

Essential vitamins such as A,C,D,E and K are found in most complete fish foods.

What is the role of vitamin A in bettas health?

Many betta keepers are unaware that vitamins play a critical role in fish health.Vitamin A deficiency can cause spinal deformity and growth retardation in young developing fish.

Can we feed herring flesh to bettas?

Herring meat or flesh is rich in this pigment and vitamins and can be given as a supplement to bettas with certain foods to enhance their coloring.